The tooth extraction often involves antibiotic treatment for about 5 days to a week if there is a preoperative infection involved (dental abscess).
Good nutrition and hydration are very important to the patient postoperatively. Many patients, in order to keep the extraction place clean, avoid to feed themselves or do it poorly.
The food should be soft, light, even mashed in the first day after the surgery.
To reduce the painful post-extraction symptoms that can occur, anti-inflammatory pain relievers are recommended.
• Avoid dairy for at least 48 hours after the extraction to prevent wound infection.
• Avoid smoking in the first 24 hours post-surgery, as it can maintain the bleeding and may hinder healing of the wound.
• Avoid hot foods and beverages in the first 24 hours. Drink plenty of fluids.
• Avoid spicy foods and effervescent fluids postoperatively (Soda).
• Avoid any activity that might create a negative pressure in the mouth, like drinking through a straw, which can mobilize the blood clot.
• Avoid brushing the extraction site one day post-surgery, for better wound healing. However, it is obligatory to wash the remaining teeth to keep good hygiene. You can use mouthwash after 24 hours.
• Do not touch the extraction site with your tongue, fingers or a sharp instrument (cutlery).
• To reduce swelling, keep an ice pack wrapped in a cloth (avoid direct skin contact) next to the wound for 10 minutes, then take a break for 20 minutes, then repeat for 2-3 hours.
Also read about Post-Op Care after Root Canal Treatment.